What You Need To Know About Bone Grafting
Benefits of Bone Grafts
Why Choose Smiles in Currambine for Bone Grafts in Currambine, Western Australia
At Smiles in Currambine, we offer the latest techniques and technology so you can get back to enjoying life with confidence again. We will work with you to design a treatment plan that fits your budget and meets your needs. We offer a free consultation (*terms and conditions apply) and flexible, interest-free payment plans. Call us today at (08) 9305 4888 for more information about dental implants and bone grafts in Currambine, WA!
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
In cases where a person has lost adult teeth or has gum disease, it can lead to jaw bone loss. In these cases, a dental bone graft is often performed in order to restore the bone to the part of the jaw where it has been lost or where additional support is required. In addition, if your jawbone is too soft or not thick enough, you may need bone grafting before you can receive dental implants. The intense chewing action in your mouth puts a lot of strain on your bones, so the procedure is likely to fail if the bone can not support the implant. If the natural bone is weak, a bone graft could strengthen its foundation.
When the bone graft is in place, it creates space for your body to rebuild itself. A dental bone graft, in other words, acts as a scaffold or a support structure for bone growth. It allows your own bone tissue to develop and regenerate. The transplanted piece of bone may take a few months to produce enough new bone to sustain a dental implant. In cases where minor bone grafting is required, it can be performed simultaneously with implant placement.
Among the candidates for bone grafting are:
- Patients who must have dental implants to replace their missing teeth. The majority of patients who replace missing teeth with dental implants require dental bone grafts. To make an implant stable, bone grafting is usually needed. Dental implants are artificial roots implanted into the jawbone in the shape of a screw. A crown is then placed over the dental implant to look as if it were a natural tooth.
- Those who have missing teeth or gum disease. Even if you aren’t getting dental implants, dental bone grafting may be needed to preserve a portion of bone lost due to tooth loss or gum disease. Bone loss can lead to more tooth loss and gum recession. Stabilising the jaw with bone grafts can help prevent further bone loss and the long-term health issues that accompany it. Periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss and heart problems without proper treatment.
- Those who are affected by bone loss. Bone grafts may be needed if you are suffering from bone loss to facilitate bone formation. As a result of bone loss, the lower jawbone can appear to be thrust forward. Lips and muscles can change how you look if you don’t have a good bone structure under them. Bone loss in the jaw usually occurs in older adults, but anyone who has been involved in a jaw injury, has poor oral hygiene problems, or has suffered severe infections may need a dental bone graft. In addition to bone repair, bone formation is enhanced by bone grafts.
The best way to know whether you’re a candidate for bone grafts is to schedule a consultation. Contact Smiles in Currambine today at (08) 9305 4888 for a complimentary consultation (*terms and conditions apply).
Bone loss in the gums is often caused by tooth loss and gum disease.
- Tooth Loss: When a tooth is lost, the bone that surrounds it is also lost and will continue to wear away over time. Through chewing, the pressure and stimulus strengthen and preserve your jawbone. Bone resorbs into the body when this pressure is no longer present.
- Gum Disease: If you have gum disease, bacteria in your mouth eat away at the jawbone that connects your teeth to your bones.
Typically, a bone graft procedure starts with your dentist examining your teeth, gums, and jaw. In order to assess the extent of your bone loss, we will take dental X-rays or scans. Our team will then discuss your treatment options with you and develop a customised treatment plan to suit your needs. The process of bone grafting can be carried out in several different ways, including:
- Socket Graft: The most common type of bone graft is socket grafting, also known as ridge preservation. After a tooth has been pulled, the tooth socket should be preserved for a dental implant. When the surrounding bone is weak and susceptible to deterioration after tooth removal, bone grafts for dental implants are required. The socket is promptly filled with bone grafting material once the tooth is gently retrieved. This is because the body will eventually resorb the portion of bone unless it is replaced with a graft or an implant. The graft will be absorbed into your natural bone over the next six months, strengthening it. Once the healing process is complete, the newly produced bone will be used to support the dental implant. It usually takes six months for the bone to recover before an implant can be placed after bone grafting. The sides of the socket are prevented from collapsing by filling in the hole left by the missing tooth.
- Block Bone Graft: Block bone grafts are commonly used if a socket graft is not done right away after tooth extractions. When there are major deformities in the jawbone, this procedure is required. Gum disease, accidents, and significant orthopaedic trauma can result in tooth loss and bone loss severe enough to require a block bone graft for bone reconstruction. A small piece of healthy bone tissue is extracted from another section of the jaw bone, implanted, and secured with screws in a block transplant. Once the body has healed from the bone transplant, it will be ready for dental implant surgery. Healing usually takes 4 to 6 months.
- Sinus Lift: Between the upper teeth and your eye sockets lie the maxillary sinuses, which provide an area for your nose to rest comfortably on your face. When the upper back teeth are missing, the sinuses can descend and enter the space previously occupied by the roots of the teeth. Implants would be ineffective in this case because they would break through the sinus membrane. Your dental surgeon or periodontist may be able to help you with this problem by performing a sinus lift. This involves cutting the gums to reveal the bone. The sinus is then raised to its appropriate location by cutting a tiny circle into the bone. Then, behind the sinus, a dental bone graft is implanted to provide a solid foundation for future dental implants.
The surgical area will be numbed with a local anaesthetic. You may also be given IV sedation if the bone grafting material is taken from your own body. Possible bone graft materials include:
- Autogenous Graft: Also known as an autograft or autologous bone graft, an autogenous graft uses bone from your body, such as your hip bone or jawbone. Some patients may not be good candidates for this sort of graft.
- Allograft: In the event that an autograft is not appropriate, your oral surgeon may suggest an allograft. Human bone from another source, typically a cadaver bone from a bone bank, is used in an allograft procedure. An allograft bone is more affordable and safer than autografts. Cadaver donor bone also has a low infection rate.
- Xenograft: A xenograft involves bone from a different species, usually bovine bone, but sometimes porcine bone, equine bone, or coral bone. The procedure has a moderate success rate. Because the bone is not human, the success rate is lower than that of an autograft or an allograft. A xenograft does not stimulate the body’s cells to create bone. It serves as an organic structure for the formation of native bone. However, pieces of the transplant can become your own bone after a short period of time.
- Alloplast: These are synthetic substitutes made specifically from bone graft materials like calcium sodium phosphosilicate and calcium phosphate. Unlike human bone grafts, artificial bones pose no risk of disease transmission and can treat minor flaws independently. Like xenografts, the cells in your body are not stimulated to build new bone when using alloplastic grafts and xenografts.
The incision in your mouth will likely be wrapped with gauze after a dental bone graft. You may experience discomfort, swelling, and bruising. These are common and will subside within a few days. In order to alleviate these symptoms, your dentist may prescribe pain medication and antibiotics. These medications must be taken exactly as prescribed, or they may interfere with bone healing.
During the first several days after surgery, you may detect little bone fragments coming through the wound. These fragments usually resemble sand or salt grains. Typically, this isn’t a cause for concern, but consult your dentist to ensure that you’re healing properly.
In a few weeks, you should notice that the dull pain in your jaw has subsided to some mild discomfort. A few more weeks and your jaw should feel normal again. It may take several months for your mouth to be strong enough to accept an implant.
Bone grafts performed in the mouth are generally a safe process. There are, however, risks associated with the procedure. Here are some risks associated with the procedure:
- Bone graft rejection
- Excessive bleeding
- Blood clot
- Nerve damage
- Anaesthesia-related complications
- Donor bone infection, but very rare
After undergoing a bone grafting procedure, make periodic visits to your dentist to monitor your bone healing process.
In addition, consult your doctor as soon as possible if complications arise. You should watch out for:
- continuing or worsening pain several days after your dental surgery
- chronic pain that is not relieved by medications
- unusual bleeding or drainage near the site of your incision
- increased gum swelling and redness
- constant numbness or tingling around the site of the graft
- an implant that becomes loose, as this could mean bone graft failure
To avoid complications after a bone grafting procedure, you should:
- not touch or disturb the wound
- apply a cold compress to reduce pain and swelling for the next 24-48 hours
- eat bland, soft foods only for the first few days
- elevate your head when sleeping during the first couple of nights to avoid blood pooling at the incision site
- not consume hot liquids or crunchy foods during the recovery period
- avoid any physical activity that may endanger the incision
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